Skip to main content

What is a Root Canal?

The Crucial Role of Regular Check-Ups in Maintaining Optimal Oral Health

Maintaining good oral health is an essential aspect of overall well-being. While daily oral hygiene practices such as brushing and flossing play a fundamental role, they are not sufficient on their own. Regular check-ups are vital for comprehensive oral care and can prevent potential problems from escalating into more serious conditions. 

Root Canal Explained

A root canal is a dental procedure that is performed to save a severely damaged or infected tooth. The procedure involves removing the infected or inflamed pulp from the inside of the tooth and then sealing it to prevent further infection. Here’s a step-by-step explanation of how a root canal is typically done:


The dentist will examine your tooth and utilize X-rays to evaluate how severe the damage is and decide whether a root canal is needed. Causes of a root canal might include extensive decay, a chipped tooth, multiple dental procedures on the tooth, or injury to the tooth.


To keep the patient at ease during the root canal procedure, the dentist numbs the surrounding area of the affected tooth using local anesthesia.

Access and Isolation

To keep the tooth dry and prevent contamination from saliva and bacteria, the dentist puts a rubber dam (or dental dam) around it during the procedure.

Pulp Removal

To reach the pulp chamber and root canals, the dentist makes a small access hole in the tooth’s crown and uses specialized dental files to meticulously remove the damaged or infected pulp. The canals are then thoroughly cleaned and shaped in preparation for filling.


To ensure that the canals are completely clean and free of infection, the dentist uses a disinfecting solution to flush out any remaining bacteria and debris.


After cleaning and drying the canals, they are filled with a biocompatible rubber-like material called gutta-percha. This material seals the canals and prevents the bacteria from re-entering and causing reinfection.


Once the root canal procedure is finished, the dentist will use either a temporary or permanent filling to close the access hole in the tooth. They may also recommend placing a dental crown over the tooth for added protection and support, depending on the severity of the damage.


It is advisable for the patient to schedule a follow-up appointment after a root canal procedure. During this appointment, the dentist may take more X-rays to ensure that the infection has been completely eliminated and the tooth is healing correctly.


It’s important to note that a root canal is generally a painless procedure due to the use of local anesthesia. Any discomfort or pain experienced before the root canal is typically relieved by the procedure itself, as it eliminates the infection and removes the source of the pain.

Overall, a root canal is an effective treatment that can save a severely damaged or infected tooth, allowing it to function normally and last for many years with proper care.

Signs that you may need a root canal include:

Here’s a detailed explanation of the signs that may indicate the need for a root canal:

  • Persistent or Severe Tooth Pain

One of the most common signs is persistent or severe tooth pain. This pain may be throbbing, sharp, or constant. It can spontaneously or worsen when you bite down or apply pressure to the tooth. The pain may be an indication that the tooth’s nerves and pulp are damaged or infected.

  • Sensitivity to Temperature

Increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures can be a sign that you may need a root canal. If you experience sharp or lingering pain when consuming hot or cold foods and beverages, even after the stimulus is removed, it may indicate an issue with the tooth’s pulp.

  • Lingering Pain

Lingering pain or discomfort after exposure to hot or cold stimuli is another potential sign. If you experience prolonged sensitivity or pain that persists for several minutes or even hours after the temperature stimulus is removed, it could indicate pulp inflammation or infection.

  • Swelling and Tenderness

Swelling and tenderness in the gums around the affected tooth can be signs of an underlying issue. The infection or inflammation from the tooth’s pulp can spread to the surrounding tissues, leading to localized swelling, redness, and tenderness. In some cases, you may notice a pimple-like bump on the gums, known as a dental abscess.

  • Discoloration

Discoloration of the tooth can indicate that the tooth’s pulp is damaged or dead. The tooth may appear darker or grayer compared to the surrounding teeth. Discoloration can occur due to the breakdown of internal tissues and the accumulation of debris within the tooth.

  • Gum Pain or Abscess

If you experience gum pain or notice an abscess near the affected tooth, it may suggest an infection has spread to the root of the tooth. An abscess is a pocket of pus that forms as a result of the body’s immune response to infection. It can cause swelling, tenderness, a bad taste in the mouth, and even drainage of pus.

  • Loose Tooth

A previously stable tooth becoming loose can be a sign of significant damage to the tooth’s supporting structures, including the root. If the infection or inflammation has progressed to a point where it affects the stability of the tooth, a root canal may be necessary to save the tooth from extraction.

It’s important to note that these signs can vary in intensity and may not always indicate the need for a root canal. Only a professional dental examination, including X-rays and other diagnostic tests, can provide a definitive diagnosis. If you experience any of these signs, it’s advisable to consult with a dentist or endodontist for an accurate evaluation and appropriate treatment recommendation.

Benefits of Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment offers several benefits, making it a valuable dental procedure for preserving and restoring teeth. Here are some key benefits of root canal treatment:

  • Pain Relief: Root canal treatment is often performed to alleviate severe tooth pain caused by an infected or damaged dental pulp. By removing the infected pulp and addressing the underlying issue, root canal treatment provides significant pain relief and eliminates the source of discomfort.
  • Preservation of Natural Teeth: The primary goal of root canal treatment is to save the natural tooth. Preserving your natural teeth has several advantages, including maintaining proper chewing function, speech, and a natural-looking smile. Compared to tooth extraction, which requires additional dental procedures like dental implants or bridges, root canal treatment is a conservative approach that helps maintain the integrity of your natural dentition.
  • Efficient Chewing and Normal Biting Sensation: A tooth that has undergone a successful root canal treatment can function normally. By preserving the tooth structure and eliminating infection, you can continue to enjoy efficient chewing and a normal biting sensation. This allows you to eat a wide variety of foods without discomfort or limitations.
  • Improved Oral Health: Root canal treatment eliminates the infection from the tooth, preventing it from spreading to other teeth or causing further oral health issues. By preserving the affected tooth, root canal treatment also helps maintain the alignment and stability of adjacent teeth, preventing potential complications like shifting or misalignment.
  • Enhanced Aesthetics: Root canal treatment often includes placing a dental crown or other restorations to protect and restore the treated tooth. These restorations are designed to match the color and appearance of your natural teeth, improving the aesthetics of your smile. By preserving the natural tooth, root canal treatment helps maintain a harmonious and attractive smile.
  • Cost-Effective: Root canal treatment is generally a cost-effective solution compared to tooth extraction followed by tooth replacement options like dental implants or bridges. While the cost can vary based on factors such as the tooth location and complexity of the case, root canal treatment offers a long-term solution that eliminates the need for additional costly dental procedures.

Overall, root canal treatment provides pain relief, preserves natural teeth, restores function, and enhances oral health and aesthetics. If you have a tooth with an infected or damaged dental pulp, consulting with a dentist or endodontist can help determine if root canal treatment is the appropriate solution for you, considering the specific condition of your tooth.

Choose Eschenbach Family Dentistry’s Root Canal Service

Experience the exceptional root canal service at Eschenbach Family Dentistry. Our dedicated team of skilled dentists and endodontists is committed to providing personalized and compassionate care in a comfortable environment. Using state-of-the-art technology and the latest techniques, we diagnose and treat dental pulp infections or damage effectively. With a focus on your well-being, we aim to make your root canal experience smooth and anxiety-free. Trust us to preserve your natural smile and restore the function and health of your tooth.

Choosing Eschenbach Family Dentistry for your root canal needs is a decision you can make with confidence. With their team of experienced professionals and a commitment to delivering exceptional dental care, they prioritize your comfort and well-being throughout the root canal treatment process. Utilizing advanced technology and techniques, they provide personalized and effective root canal services to preserve your natural teeth and restore oral health. 

Trust Eschenbach Family Dentistry to deliver outstanding results, allowing you to regain a pain-free smile and enjoy optimal oral function. Schedule your appointment today and experience the superior care that sets them apart.

Leave a Reply